Laboratoire d'étude sur la schizophrénie et les psychoses orientés vers l'intervention et le rétablissement.

Laboratory for education on schizophrenia and psychoses oriented to intervention and recovery.

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OUR PUBLICATIONS

Our recent publications

New scientific article

3 mai 2019

Did you know that over fifty percent of people diagnosed with a severe mental illness, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, will meet criteria for a substance use disorder in their lifetime?

 

This dual disorder often starts during youth and leads to significant societal costs, including lower employability rates, more hospitalizations, and higher risk of homelessness and of suicide attempts when compared to those with a serious mental illness without substance misuse. 💸

 

Moreover, many individuals presenting with comorbid disorders also present with other psychological difficulties as well, such as personality disorders or anxiety and depression, also known as complex comorbid disorders.

 

Transdiagnostic treatments that focus on core difficulties found in people with dual disorders, or complex dual disorders, such as emotional regulation, are in dire need.

 

Emotional regulation skills can help reduce distress related to psychotic symptoms and maintain abstinence in substance use disorders.

 

New technologies in the field of communications have developed considerably over the past decade and have the potential to improve access to such treatments, a major problem in many health care settings.📱

 

As such, this paper aims at:

1) Presenting core difficulties present in many individuals with dual disorders. ✅

 

2) Reviewing the scientific literature pertaining to the use of mobile applications in mental health and addictions. ✅

 

3) Presenting the development and potential of a new application for emotional regulation for people with dual disorders.✅

For more information on the subject, check out our new scientific article published in the prestigious scientific journal Frontiers in Psychiatry. 📚

Congratulations to the two authors of our team: Antoine Pennou and Tania Lecomte 👏🏻

Article : https://www.frontiersin.org/…/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00302/full…

Pennou, A., Lecomte, T., Potvin, S., & Khazaal, Y. (2019). Mobile intervention for individuals with psychosis and comorbid substance use disorder: a literature review. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 302. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00302

New scientific article

27 avril 2019

Go read our new scientific article about childhood maltreatment, social cognition and romantic breakup adjustment in youth:

Francoeur, A., Lecomte, T., Daigneault, I., Brassard, A., Lecours, V., & Hache-Labelle, C. (2019). Social Cognition as Mediator of Romantic Breakup Adjustment in Young Adults Who Experienced Childhood Maltreatment. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 1-18.doi:10.1080/10926771.2019.1603177

PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF THE FRENCH VERSION OF THE SOCIAL ANXIETY QUESTIONNAIRE (SAQ) FOR ADULTS

Published, see:

Bravo, A., Lecomte, T., Corbière, M. (2019). Psychometric properties of the French version of the Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults. International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy, 19(1), 101-11

The Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults (SAQ) is a new social anxiety measure that attracts attention for its empirical development, validation with large samples and in multicultural contexts. The SAQ has shown adequate psychometric properties among clinical and non-clinical samples, from 20 different countries, including Spain, Portugal and most Latin American countries. To date however, this questionnaire has not been translated or validated in French. The aim of this study is to present the French version of the SAQ and analyze its psychometric properties in French Canadian and Belgian samples. The original version of the SAQ was translated into French. A total of 482 Canadian and Belgian non-clinical participants were recruited for this study. All participants were administered the French versions of the SAQ and the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS-SR). Confirmatory factor analyses indicated an adequate fit of the five-factor model. The internal consistency was excellent for the total score and very good for all dimensions, and the test-retest reliability was good for both the total score and all dimensions (over a 6-week period). An adequate convergent validity of the SAQ with the LSAS-SR was found. Differences between countries and sexes in the SAQ were also examined, and small to medium effect sizes were noted in some scores. The French version of the Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults (SAQ) demonstrated adequate reliability and validity in the evaluated samples.

IMPLEMENTING COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY FOR PSYCHOSIS: AN INTERNATIONAL SURVEY OF CLINICIANS’ ATTITUDES AND OBSTACLES.

Published see:

Lecomte, T., Farhall, J., Naeem, F., Samson, C., Schachte, L. Implementing CBT for psychosis - an international survey on attitudes and obstacles (2018) Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/prj0000292

OBJECTIVE:


This study aimed to better understand the implementation of cognitive behavioral therapy for psychosis (CBTp) by exploring the impact of clinicians' attitudes toward CBTp within the Theory of Planned Behavior framework (i.e., by considering attitudes, behaviors, intention, and social norms) as well as perceived obstacles and response to proposed solutions.


METHOD:


One hundred forty-two clinicians from 2 sites in Canada and 1 site in Australia answered an online survey involving both Likert scales and open-ended questions. The role of attitudes, social norms, and behavioral control (i.e., freedom to decide or act) on intention of offering CBTp delivering CBTp were analyzed using linear and logistic regressions. Sites were compared using analysis of variance. Reponses to perceived obstacles were thematically analyzed.


RESULTS:


Results were similar across settings. Entered together in the model, attitudes, social norms, and behavioral control were significant in predicting the intention of offering CBTp, F(3, 125) = 38.49, p < .001, with 49% of the variance explained, although behavioral control did not significantly contribute to the model. CBTp training (odds ratio = 0.23, confidence interval = 0.06-0.58) and social norms (odds ratio = 0.79, confidence interval = 0.68-0.93) significantly predicted CBTp delivery. Six themes that emerged regarding perceived obstacles are provided. Training, supervision, and local support were the most frequently endorsed solutions. Brief or modular CBTp and group or online delivery were also positively endorsed.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:
Clinicians' individual and collective attitudes should be targeted by more and better training to increase their delivery of CBTp. Given organizational barriers, CBTp-informed interventions warrant further investigation.