Laboratoire d'étude sur la schizophrénie et les psychoses orientés vers l'intervention et le rétablissement.

Laboratory for education on schizophrenia and psychoses oriented to intervention and recovery.

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Les publications récentes de LESPOIR

Nouvel article scientifique

3 mai 2019

Saviez-vous que plus de 50% des gens ayant un diagnostic de trouble mental grave (schizophrénie ou trouble bipolaire) rencontreront les critères d’un trouble d’utilisation de substances durant leur vie?

Malheureusement, ce diagnostic double commence fréquemment durant l’adolescence et entraine de coûts importants à la société comparativement aux gens présentant un trouble mental grave sans trouble d’utilisation de substances. 💸

De plus, plusieurs individus ayant des troubles comorbides (par exemple, un trouble mental grave avec un trouble d’utilisation de substances) présentent d’autres difficultés psychologiques (ex : anxiété sociale, trouble de la personnalité, dépression) que l’on appelle aussi : troubles comorbides complexes.

Les traitements qui se concentrent sur les principales difficultés des personnes ayant un trouble double ou un trouble double complexe, tel que ceux se concentrant sur la régulation émotionnelle (capacité à comprendre, accepter et gérer ses émotions) sont nécessaires. 

Les habiletés de régulations émotionnelles peuvent aider à réduire la détresse associée aux symptômes psychotiques et surtout à maintenir l’abstinence dans un trouble d’utilisation de substances. 

Les nouvelles technologies de communications se sont grandement développées dans la dernière décennie et ont le potentiel d’améliorer l’accès à ces traitements. 📱

Cet article a pour objectifs de : 

1) Présenter les principales difficultés présentes chez plusieurs individus ayant un diagnostic double. ✅

2) Réviser la littérature scientifique portant sur l’utilisation applications mobiles en santé mentale et en dépendance. ✅

3) Présenter le développement et le potentiel d’une nouvelle application pour la régulation émotionnelle pour les gens ayant un diagnostic double. ✅

Pour plus d’informations sur le sujet, aller voir notre nouvelle article scientifique publié dans la prestigieuse revue scientifique : Frontiers in psychiatry. 📚

Félicitations aux deux auteurs de notre équipe : Antoine Pennou et Tania Lecomte 👏🏻

Pour l’article : https://www.frontiersin.org/…/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00302/full…

Pennou, A., Lecomte, T., Potvin, S., & Khazaal, Y. (2019). Mobile intervention for individuals with psychosis and comorbid substance use disorder: a literature review. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 302. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00302

Nouvel article scientifique

28 avril 2019

Allez lire notre nouvel article portant sur la maltraitance durant l'enfance, la cognition sociale et l'adaptation à la rupture amoureuse chez les jeunes :

Francoeur, A., Lecomte, T., Daigneault, I., Brassard, A., Lecours, V., & Hache-Labelle, C. (2019). Social Cognition as Mediator of Romantic Breakup Adjustment in Young Adults Who Experienced Childhood Maltreatment. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 1-18.doi:10.1080/10926771.2019.1603177

LANCEMENT DU LIVRE GROUP CBT FOR PSYCHOSIS: A PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF THE FRENCH VERSION OF THE SOCIAL ANXIETY QUESTIONNAIRE POUR ADULTS (SAQ) FOR CLINICIANS

8 novembre 2016

The Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults (SAQ) is a new social anxiety measure that attracts attention for its empirical development, validation with large samples and in multicultural contexts. The SAQ has shown adequate psychometric properties among clinical and non-clinical samples, from 20 different countries, including Spain, Portugal and most Latin American countries. To date however, this questionnaire has not been translated or validated in French. The aim of this study is to present the French version of the SAQ and analyze its psychometric properties in French Canadian and Belgian samples. The original version of the SAQ was translated into French. A total of 482 Canadian and Belgian non-clinical participants were recruited for this study. All participants were administered the French versions of the SAQ and the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS-SR). Confirmatory factor analyses indicated an adequate fit of the five-factor model. The internal consistency was excellent for the total score and very good for all dimensions, and the test-retest reliability was good for both the total score and all dimensions (over a 6-week period). An adequate convergent validity of the SAQ with the LSAS-SR was found. Differences between countries and sexes in the SAQ were also examined, and small to medium effect sizes were noted in some scores. The French version of the Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults (SAQ) demonstrated adequate reliability and validity in the evaluated samples.

IMPLEMENTING COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY FOR PSYCHOSIS: AN INTERNATIONAL SURVEY OF CLINICIANS’ ATTITUDES AND OBSTACLES.

8 novembre 2016

OBJECTIVE:


This study aimed to better understand the implementation of cognitive behavioral therapy for psychosis (CBTp) by exploring the impact of clinicians' attitudes toward CBTp within the Theory of Planned Behavior framework (i.e., by considering attitudes, behaviors, intention, and social norms) as well as perceived obstacles and response to proposed solutions.


METHOD:


One hundred forty-two clinicians from 2 sites in Canada and 1 site in Australia answered an online survey involving both Likert scales and open-ended questions. The role of attitudes, social norms, and behavioral control (i.e., freedom to decide or act) on intention of offering CBTp delivering CBTp were analyzed using linear and logistic regressions. Sites were compared using analysis of variance. Reponses to perceived obstacles were thematically analyzed.


RESULTS:


Results were similar across settings. Entered together in the model, attitudes, social norms, and behavioral control were significant in predicting the intention of offering CBTp, F(3, 125) = 38.49, p < .001, with 49% of the variance explained, although behavioral control did not significantly contribute to the model. CBTp training (odds ratio = 0.23, confidence interval = 0.06-0.58) and social norms (odds ratio = 0.79, confidence interval = 0.68-0.93) significantly predicted CBTp delivery. Six themes that emerged regarding perceived obstacles are provided. Training, supervision, and local support were the most frequently endorsed solutions. Brief or modular CBTp and group or online delivery were also positively endorsed.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:
Clinicians' individual and collective attitudes should be targeted by more and better training to increase their delivery of CBTp. Given organizational barriers, CBTp-informed interventions warrant further investigation.